On May 30, 2019, 136 dogs were found held captive in a house at Orange, CA. These dogs were living in harsh conditions and the police department had even thought that it was impossible to live with this environment as there was urine all over and barely any furniture. When incidents like this happen all over the world, laws like the Anaheim Title 18. The Zoning Chapter will help to prevent these types of issues by setting a limit to how many animals are allowed in each household and what animals are allowed to be owned in the first place.
II. Introduction to the Legislation
The Anaheim Title 18. Zoning Chapter 18.38. Supplemental Use Regulations, 13.30.030 Animal Keeping is used to provide owners who wish to own animals an overview of what they can and cannot do. This law shows the certain zoning restrictions of animals and how many animals are allowed in each household. In Anaheim, any domestic animals must stay at least 50 feet away from any other buildings and at least 20 feet away from any other property lines. Title 18. Zoning mentions how much square feet per animal is allowed and that they must be well taken care of. The rules go as far as how many dogs and cats each household is allowed to own, the number of dogs and cats in Anaheim must be kept at a maximum of 3 each. The restrictions into the requirements of owning a pot-bellied pig are very in depth, they must have an annual certificate that is signed by a veterinarian and includes the animal's weight, height, length, and updated versions of its vaccinations. Owners in Anaheim are allowed to take care of pot-bellied pigs as long as they are kept under the owner’s property. The Title 18 rules of animal keeping are important so that you could be prepared with whatever may come from owning animals aside from dogs and cats.
III. Similar Laws
In Lancaster, CA, there is a similar law called Article IV Standards for Specific Land Uses, 18.08.170 Animal Keeping, but this law has more exceptions to what animals are allowed. Of course, it maintains the number of animals allowed in each household, but they are allowed to own animals such as horses and cows. People are only allowed a maximum of 9 large animals per lot and must have a permit. These animals are to not be near any highway or streets and must stay at least 150 square feet. Unlike Anaheim, Lancaster is allowed to own 1 rooster per acre. Other animals such as sheep, goats, and dogs must not exceed the number of 3 each for each lot. Lancaster is filled with animals such as antelopes and armadillos, these animals are to not be kept under people’s properties and more information would be on the California Code of Regulations, Title 15, Section 671.
IV. Legislation Analysis
Due to the diverse conditions these animals may be kept in, the legislation pointed at many different subparts in hopes of bringing most of those issues to light. The most notable one was regarding animal domestication for non-commercial issues. It was directly stated as follows:
“.010 Animal Maintenance – General. The keeping of animals for domestic, noncommercial use shall be permitted in residential zones, subject to the provisions of Chapter 8.08 (Animal Control, Welfare and License Requirements) and this section” (Anaheim Municipal Code).
This ultimately states that any animal for domestic non commercial purposes in Anaheim must be permitted in residential zones and stay at least 50 feet from any other buildings that contain humans. It also states that the animals must be kept at least 20 feet from any other property lines. This is to prevent animal keeping issues from arising. Public doubt about animal keeping within a local area arises whenever there are clear problems with their control. Hence, by having limitations regarding their distance to other humans, this law helps in preventing such issues from arising.
The codes also list out regulations on less common animals that people own, stating “Each Poultry, Birds, Rabbits and Rodents must not take up more than 1 animal person 1800 square feet, in this lot, they must be maintained and taken care of. Roosters and peacocks cannot be in any land unless in an underlying zone” (Anaheim Municipal Code). In reading this, it is evident that the legislation is not trying to change the way that these animals are kept but rather the way people treat them. These animals are usually not seen as pets but rather commercial animals humans eat. In many cases, the treatment of these animals are low quality and lack features animals need. Hence, this passage is pointed towards commercial animal owners to ensure that they keep their animals in good condition. The section about less common animals is followed up with a passage regarding well-known pet animals: dogs and cats.
“.060 Number of Dogs. The number of dogs per dwelling unit shall not exceed three (3) animals over the age of four (4) months. A noncommercial kennel may be permitted, subject to the approval of Animal Care Services of the Orange County Health Care Agency” (Anaheim Municipal Code)
This section highlights two key parts which are important to solving animal keeping issues: 1) The number of dogs allowed in Anaheim should be kept to the maximum of 3 for all households and 2) The number of cats allowed in Anaheim should be kept to the maximum of 3 for all households. Animal keeping issues mostly arise when animal owners have more on their plates than they can control. Hence, within this passage, the code hopes to stop these issues from arising by limiting the number of animals an owner can have.
One key aspect of this resolution is its emphasis in the treatment of pigs. Because of the wide-spread consumption of pork all across the world, the treatment of these animals, especially in an area such as Anaheim represents a lot. Following is the statement from the municipal code:
“.080 Pot-Bellied Pigs. Pot-bellied pigs (meaning a pig classified as Sus Scrofa and commonly referred to as a Vietnamese pot-bellied pig, pygmy pig or mini-pig) shall be permitted subject to the following conditions. .0801 Only one (1) pot-bellied pig may be kept on a residential lot; .0802 Subsections .010 through .020 above shall apply; .0803 The breeding of pot-bellied pigs is prohibited; .0804 The pot-bellied pig shall be tested and vaccinated for leptospirosis and erisipelis, pseudo-rabies and any other communicable diseases for which a vaccine is available and generally recommended for such animals. Any person owning or having custody of a pot-bellied pig shall maintain an annual certificate from a licensed veterinarian that the vaccination(s) are current; .0805 The pot-bellied pig shall weigh no more than two hundred (200) pounds, stand no higher than twenty (20) inches, measured from the shoulders, and shall be no longer than forty (40) inches, measured from the tip of the head to the end of the buttock. Any person owning or having custody of a pot-bellied pig shall maintain an annual health certificate, signed by a licensed veterinarian, identifying the weight, height and length of the pig; .0806 A male pot-bellied pig older than two (2) years shall have its tusks removed, cut or filed to a length of less than two (2) inches by a licensed veterinarian;.0807 The pot-bellied pig shall be spayed or neutered by two (2) months of age. Any person owning or having custody of a pot-bellied pig shall maintain a certificate of sterilization signed by a licensed veterinarian;” (Anaheim Municipal Code).
Conclusively, it can be derived that the pot-bellied may be kept on property owned by the owner and that the breeding of the pig is banned and it should be tested for leptospirosis and erysipelas and any type of rabies before coming into the home. It is added that ownership of a pot-bellied pig should be provided with an annual certificate from a licensed veterinarian to make sure that the vaccinations are still in date. Additional detail features include that the pot-bellied pig must be under 200 pounds, shorter than 20 inches from the shoulders, and shorter than 40 inches from head to buttock. The annual certificate should say the veterinarian, weight, height, and length of the pig and that the pig must be on a leash at all times when out of their property. The general hope behind having these articles is that animal owners don’t abuse animals by prioritizing commercial convenience over animal life quality.
These restrictions are very important because it will help maintain the amount of control we have in our cities. If we did not have these restrictions, some owners may own multiple pets and not have enough resources or land to take care of them. Not only would the animals suffer many of the lands would get destroyed and the owners would have to take care of that in addition. The zoning restrictions will help the condition of the animals and help the owners in many ways to make sure that they could always have the power to control what happens on their lands.
Code, Anaheim Municipal. “18.38.030 ANIMAL KEEPING.” American Legal Publishing Corporation, 0AD, codelibrary.amlegal.com/codes/anaheim/latest/anaheim_ca/0-0-0-68050. m